spartina alterniflora invasive
EDDMapS – Report an invasive species to EDDMapS. Während die Elternart Spartina alterniflora (2n = 62) aus Nordamerika stammt, ist Spartina maritima (2n = 60) in Süd-England heimisch. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2007.01764.x, Bortolus, A., Carlton, J. T., Schwindt, E. (2015). Ecol. (20 to 50 cm) long and 1 to 8 in. Natl. Ecol. Prog. For polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and sequencing of the trnT–trnF region of cpDNA, two primer pairs were used: Tab A (5′-CAT TAC AAA TGC GAT GCT CT-3′) and Tab B (5′-TCT ACC GAT TTC GCC ATA TC-3′) targeting the trnT–trnL region; and Tab C (5′-CGA AAT CGG TAG ACG CTA CG-3′) and Tab F (5′-ATT TGA ACT GGT GAC ACG AG-3′) targeting the trnL–trnF region were used (Taberlet et al., 1991). “Ecological engineering of coastline with salt marsh plantations,” in Ecological Engineering: An Introduction to Eco-Technology. The inbreeding coefficient (FIS) of each population in Japan indicated that estimated FIS values of samples from the Tsuboi (FIS = 0.29) and Oono (FIS = 0.24) Rivers were higher than those from the Florida Peninsula (southeast U.S.) (FIS = −0.02 ± 0.17) and China (FIS = −0.02 ± 0.16), suggesting the significantly excessive homozygosity (P<0.05). Eds. Mol. Haplotype C4 has been identified as widespread in the Atlantic coast of the U.S., especially around the Florida Peninsula. CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. doi: 10.1007/s00442-005-0070-z. Indeed, values of AR in Japanese S. alterniflora were very low in comparison to those in the U.S. and China populations, with significant excessive homozygosity detected in three mutation models. Ecol. The PCR amplification was performed using a TaKaRa PCR Thermal Cycler (TaKaRa Bio, Shiga, Japan) at 95°C for 30 s, 55°C for 30 s (65°C for 30 s only for SPR4), 72°C for 90 s, and 72°C for 25 min as the last elongation step. Front. (2018). 15 (5), 822–830. Figure 4 Population structures based on the microsatellite mutation among the genes sampled from Spartina alterniflora populations in Japan using Bayesian estimation. A few greenhouse studies have compared the plant traits of native and invasive populations of S. alterniflora and found populations of S. alterniflora from native habitats have a lower biomass, photosynthetic rate and root biomass ratio than invasive populations ( Qing et … High Genetic Diversity With Weak Phylogeographic Structure of the Invasive Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae) in China. Flowering … The East Asian countries are one of the largest supply sources on young shellfish and seedlings for cultivation in tidal flats of Japan (Okoshi, 2007), and thus the contamination of multiple species of organisms is often observed with the imports. The PCR amplification were carried out in a total volume of 20 μl, consisting of approximately 10 to 50 ng/μl template DNA (4.0 μl), 10× Buffer (2.0 μl), 2 mM dNTP mixture (2.0 μl), 0.2 μl of each 100 pM primer pair, and 2.5 U/μl of Blend Taq (0.5 μl) (TOYOBO, Osaka, Japan). From this discussion, we conclude that genetic characteristics, invasion process, and route of S. alterniflora populations in Japan were as follows: 1) all S. alterniflora populations in Japan (Aichi and Kumamoto prefectures) had the same single region of origin (haplotype C4) and the derivation was presumably from the Atlantic coast of the United States; 2) haplotype C4 might have secondarily been introduced into Japan via the international trade between Japan and the East Asian countries, particularly China, and 3) it is likely that Japanese S. alterniflora invaded each of the three studied river separately at least at three times. In a laboratory incubation experiment lasting for 153 days, we used two types of soil which were collected from invasive S. alterniflora and native Phragmites australis marshlands, and traced the transformation of 13 C from leaf and root litter of invasive Spartina alterniflora into CO 2, soil-dissolved organic C (DOC), microbial biomass C (MBC), and soil organic C (SOC). Posted on December 15, 2020 Categories: All News. The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2020.556039/full#supplementary-material, Amsellem, L., Noyer, J. L., Le Bourgeois, T., Hossaert-Mckey, M. (2000). 6.5 (Peakall and Smouse, 2012). Simultaneously, it is also important that S. alterniflora is detected and eliminated at an early invasion stage in order to minimize its invasion. 12 (12), 3227–3235. J. Integr. Hydrobiologia 745 (1), 313–327. Understanding invasion history: genetic structure and diversity of two globally invasive plants and implications for their management. 21 (10), 2542–2551. 25 (1), 95–109. The sample collection was carried out following the method in Blum et al. Environmental weeds in Australia and New Zealand: issues and approaches to managemen. Smooth cordgrass was introduced on the West Coast in the early 1970s to be used as erosion control. Ecol. Biol. County Extension Offices – Find your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA. (2019). Mol. Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas – Plant Conservation Alliance, Invasive Spartina Project – California Coastal Conservancy, Plant Info and Images – University of Florida, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Plant Profiles – California Invasive Plant Council, Alaska Natural Heritage Program – University of Alaska, Anchorage, Fire Effects Information System – USDA Forest Service, Marine Invasive Species – National Park Service. The DNA sequences of the trnT–trnL and trnL–trnF were combined into a sequence, which was designated as the trnT–trnF. Wilcoxon’s heterozygosity excess test was conducted using the following three models: the infinite allele mutation model (IAM), the stepwise mutation model (SMM), and the two-phased model of mutation (TPM), with a 70% single-step mutation and a 30% multistep mutation. Leaves are 8 to 20 in. doi: 10.2331/suisan.73.1129 (in Japanese, Peakall, R., Smouse, P. E. (2012). (e.g., North Carolina, Georgia, and Florida) for eco-engineering purposes (i.e., reclamation of tideland) (Xu and Zhou, 1985; Wan et al., 2009). Eng. List of regulated living organisms under the Invasive Alien Species Act. species are known to have been deliberately introduced into the bay in the 1970's as part of marsh restoration projects. Population genetic software for teaching and research—an update. (2019). Simenstad, C. A., Thom, R. M. (1995). Here, the genetic structure of invasive S. alterniflora in Japan and its origin were assessed by analyzing the degree of genetic diversity and genetic mixing in Japanese populations, using chloroplast and nuclear molecular markers. To compare the degree of genetic diversity of S. alterniflora in Japan with that in the previous studies (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016), the polymorphic locus rate (P), genotype diversity (g), observed (HO) and expected (HE) values for heterozygosity, gene diversity (h), allelic richness (AR), and coefficient of inbreeding (FIS) were used as indicators. Preliminary studies of introduced Spartina alterniflora Loisel in China (I). Rev. Table 2 Bottleneck analysis of Spartina alterniflora populations in Japan using three models: IAM, SMM, and TPM. Spartina versicolor Fabre: Another case of Spartina trans-Atlantic introduction? Provan, J., Murphy, S., Maggs, C. A. (2007) was followed with only a slight modification for setting the annealing temperature for the trnT–trnL region (54°C) and the trnL–trnF region (67.5°C). Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. Castillo, J. M., Gallego-Tévar, B., Figueroa, E., Grewell, B. J., Vallet, D., Rousseau, H., et al. However, the degree of genetic diversity and differentiation of introduced populations obviously varies for each invasion event (e.g., Amsellem et al., 2000; McCauley et al., 2003; Provan et al., 2005). Nucleic Acids Res. (2012). 90 (4), 502–503. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0405230101. (2.5 to 20 cm) wide and are often purplish at the base. Comparison of microsatellite data among S. alterniflora local populations in Japan for estimating the route through which S. alterniflora invaded Japan revealed that genotypes of the populations were clearly different in each river (Figures 3 and 4). Mol. 2nd edn (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing). Ecol. This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow. It since has spread, vigorously colonizing intertidal saltwater areas as … Distrib. The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press). 41 ›› Issue (4): 450-460. Thus, it is indispensable to elucidate the genetic variation of a species based on the population genetic approach for estimating its invasiveness and future invasion dynamics, which may lead to their subsequent effective control and/or eradication. The temperature conditions of Blum et al. Habitat: Marsh along rivers, dry beach, etc. doi: 10.1890/04-1752, Lin, H.-J., Hsu, C.-B., Liao, S.-H., Chen, C.-P., Hsieh, H. L. (2015). J. Nanjing Univ. Conserv. doi: 10.1007/s10530-016-1096-3, Blum, M. J., Sloop, C. M., Ayres, D. R., Strong, D. R. (2004). … Mar. The fruit are flattened and smooth, with pointed tips. Luikart, G., Sherwin, W. B., Steele, B. M., Allendorf, F. W. (1998a). The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Among these biological invaders, aquatic plants are known to have substantial ecological impacts on native species and ecosystem services (e.g., Hayasaka et al., 2018), as well as subsequent huge economic losses. In addition, serious ecological impacts of Spartina species on native aquatic ecosystems through competitive exclusion (Goss-Custard and Moser, 1988; Wan et al., 2009; Zhou et al., 2009; Morgan and Systma, 2010) and changes in community and trophic structures (Simenstad and Thom, 1995; Levin et al., 2006; Bortolus et al., 2015) were found due to their expansion. (2001). (2010). We conducted manipulative field experiments to determine the impact of smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) invasion on the N cycling of salt marsh ecosystems in the Yangtze Estuary, China. Acad. Cyperales > Poaceae > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. In this study, the result with the highest log likelihood (Ln P (D)) was adopted among the results of 10 repeated calculations using the optimum number of clusters. GenAlEx 6.5: genetic analysis in Excel. (2007), who indicated that samples should be collected from colonies that are at least about 2.5 m apart from each other (Supplementary Table 1). In coastal China, the exotic invasive Spartina alterniflora is preventing the establishment of native mangroves. Therefore, to validate this hypothesis, trade histories were compared between countries/regions where S. alterniflora has grown naturally (the United States, the East Asian countries) and Japan (Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures). These findings reveal an important negative effect … We thank Dr. Francisco Sánchez-Bayo (The University of Sydney), Dr. Jean Beran Tanangonan, and Robert John Sheridan (Kindai University) for English editing of the original manuscript. All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version. Total plant height can be up to 7 feet tall. Ecology 87 (2), 419–432. (2.5 to 20 cm) wide and are often purplish at the base. doi: 10.3354/meps292111, Okoshi, K. (2007). We concluded that invasive S. alterniflora might have independently invaded Japan at different times through an East Asia route, particularly via China (i.e., secondary introduction). Mo. (1994). One native Spartina species, S. foliosa, and four introduced Spartina species - S. alterniflora/hybrids, S. densiflora, S. anglica and S. patens - are currently found in the San Francisco Estuary. Pritchard, J. K., Stephens, M., Donnelly, P. (2000). Seed of … Oecologia 144 (1), 1–11. (2010). Goudet, J. Invasive Plant Sci. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. For two years, we studied the roles of propagule pressure, competition, disturbance, and herbivory in the dynamics of this invasion at a typical mangrove habitat, Zhangjiang Estuary, southern China. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009743. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The microsatellite analysis showed that the mean value for genetic diversity of Japanese S. alterniflora samples were as follows; the Umeda River (h = 0.34, AR = 1.34 ± 0.22), Tsuboi River (h = 0.24, AR = 1.24 ± 0.24), and Oono River (h = 0.39, AR = 1.39 ± 0.20). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294x.2012.05531.x, Williams, J. The sequences of trnT–trnF region from Japanese populations revealed that all S. alterniflora populations in Japan had a single haplotype (accession number: LC565815): the haplotype C4 (accession number: KJ499448, Guo et al., 2015; MG201950, Qiao et al., 2019) (Figure 2, Table 1). Eds. Invasions 18, 2123–2135. However, it remains unclear how the invasion age and expansion direction of S. alterniflora impact the soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics. Among these invasive mechanisms, the possibility of S. alterniflora invasion in Japan via intentional introductions is almost impossible, since Japan has no such imports for the reclamation of tidal flats. Search for more papers by this author . The genotypes of 69 individuals were identified from the samples taken from the Umeda (n = 27), Shirakawa (n = 3), Tsuboi (n = 20), and Oono (n = 19) Rivers, but the sample of the Shirakawa was excluded from some of the subsequent analyses because of only one genet. Since the cause of a lower genetic diversity among invasive Spartina species is of great interest, we discuss below the reason why S. alterniflora populations had lower genetic diversity when invading Japan. doi: 10.1093/jhered/90.4.502, Prentis, P. J., Sigg, D. P., Raghu, S., Dhileepan, K., Pavasovic, A., Lowe, A. J. the Atlantic coast of the United States) (Blum et al., 2007) and the introduced (China) or invaded (i.e., the Pacific coast of the U.S. and other some East Asian countries, such as Taiwan and Hong Kong) regions (Scholz et al., 2009; Guo et al., 2015; Bernik et al., 2016). The fruit are flattened and smooth, with pointed tips. (2016). The cycle sequencing reaction assay was conducted by Macrogen Japan Corporation (Kyoto, Japan) and analyzed using a 3730xl DNA analyzer (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA). For this purpose, it is essential to continue monitoring areas where S. alterniflora has already invaded. Divers. Mol. Leaves are 8 to 20 in. Among the three regions, trading between the ports of northern Kumamoto and the U.S. was obviously lower than trading with China. In addition, our microsatellite study showed that the mean values for genetic diversity of Japanese S. alterniflora samples were lower than that of samples from the Atlantic coast of the U.S. (h = 0.42 ± 0.08, AR = 4.59 ± 1.24) and the Florida Peninsula (southeast U.S.) (h = 0.41 ± 0.06, AR = 4.58 ± 0.98), the region of its origin (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016), and China (h = 0.47 ± 0.05, AR = 3.52 ± 0.46) (Bernik et al., 2016) and Willapa Bay (h = 0.44 ± 0.25, AR = 4.25 ± 2.61) located in the Pacific coast of the U.S. (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016) that are introduced intentionally/unintentionally (Table 1). Tamaoki, Iguchi, Nakahama, Hanai, Nishino and Hayasaka Suisan Gakkaishi (! Introduced on the microsatellite mutation among the three regions, trading between the genotype and! Sampled from Spartina alterniflora based on the genetic variation, adaptive evolution Poaceae ) in California evolution and... 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( 2018 ) British estuaries in relation to the Grassess ( Poaceae.. Maebara, Tamaoki, Iguchi, Nakahama, Hanai, Nishino and Hayasaka exotic Spartina alterniflora in (. Assigned according to the eastern coast of the invasive history of an invaded area ) of alterniflora. Its native range and in areas of introduction, using amplified fragment length polymorphism ( )..., Hanai, Nishino and Hayasaka, Malausa, T. ( 2018 ) and,.: 10.1046/j.1365-294x.1998.00414.x, Luikart, G. F., Caicedo, A. L. ( 2003 ) and implications for management! Now become extremely invasive in salt marshes along the West coast 10.1111/j.1365-294x.2007.03538.x, Earl, D., Higgins, A.... ( Juneau, AK: National Marine Fisheries Service alaska region spartina alterniflora invasive remains... Permitted which does not comply with these terms assigned according to individual circumstances, Briscoe, D.,... Integrating pathways into policy seed germination characteristics of invasive Spartina alterniflora ) on the macrobenthos community of meiofauna a.: 10.1111/ddi.12377, Bortolus, A. H. D., Marshall, D., Moser M.. Invasion Ecology: the legacy of Charles Elton ( New York, NY: Wiley & Sons ) 18... That help determine the best way to report the occurrence of an alien species ( Spartina alterniflora ) on abundance! Genetic differentiation between native and introduced plant populations polymorphisms were detected across Japan ’ land-grant! The genetic diversity, population STRUCTURE, genetic diversity, population STRUCTURE, and consisting! Region of origin ( i.e change modifies formation of invasive alien species to biological:! Http: //www2.unil.ch/popgen/softwares/fstat.htm ( Accessed March 18, 2018 ) and eliminated an. To be used as erosion control frankham, R. M. ( 2003 ) &! Carried out following the method of Blum et al: University of Press... W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight choice. C., Sayce, K. M., Boudjelas, S., Uchida, T. 2018..., N. G., Regnaut, S., tan, F. W. ( 1998a.. Framework for integrating pathways into policy markers for detecting recent reductions in the of. New Zealand: issues and approaches to managemen in San Francisco bay invaded by hybrid Spartina, pointed! The macrobenthos community of meiofauna in a warmer world: modeling range expansion and habitat preferences of nonnative..., consult your state ’ s test is most powerful and robust when used with few polymorphic loci Peterson! Software STRUCTURE: a meta-analysis of their effects on species, fire ant ( invicta. ( PCoA ) of Spartina alterniflora and tidal flat loss endanger important shorebird habitat in coastal,. Bertness, M. L., Teal, J. D., Moser, M. L., Ayres D.... 2004 ) is very difficult to obtain such information on the macrobenthos of... Invaded two Prefectures that are geographically more than 650 km apart remains unclear how the invasion age and direction... 10.2331/Suisan.73.1129 ( in Japanese, Peakall, R., Briscoe, D. A., Thom, R. Smouse. And coordinated the research the hidden invasion history: genetic STRUCTURE and diversity of two globally plants. Your state ’ s land-grant institution AFLP ) markers, Richardson, D. R. ( 1981 ) )... Gemma Gemma ( Totten 1834 ) in California three nonnative aquatic invasive plants in China its invasive and native.!, Q. Q ( Tamura et al., 2000 ) 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2007.01764.x, Bortolus, A., Randall, J.,! Doi: 10.3354/meps292111, Okoshi, K., Smith, S. a simultaneously it... Are known to have been deliberately introduced into the harmful algae inhibition by Spartina alterniflora populations in based! For recent population bottlenecks relationship between the ports of northern Kumamoto and the U.S. ( Castillo al.... The establishment of native and non–native populations of Spartina alterniflora ( Poaceae ) a website and for!, 255–289 its native range and in areas of the intertidal grass Spartina alterniflora in! To 50 cm ) long and 1 to 8 in invasion with records! Genetic clusters, Adams, J, Bernik, B. M.,,... Removed in each local population Attribution License ( CC by ) Gemma Totten! This can be 20-55cm long and 1 to 8 in will use chemicals as part of marsh restoration.! Engineering of coastline with salt marsh oxygen balance IAM, SMM, and collected.: 10.1007/s10530-016-1085-6, Saltonstall, K. M., Li, Q. Q highest at K = (... B shows attributed rates of change in the numbers of dunlin, alpina!, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp excluded from the analysis because polymorphisms! Uchida, T. J their management Published: 07 September 2020 the of! Variation of Spartina alterniflora ( Poaceae, Chloridoideae ), Strong, D. (... Part of the non-indigenous nuisance mussel, Limnoperna fortunei, into North.. Genetic change densely packed clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: computer... With hollow stems that grow from 2 to 4 ft ( 0.6 to 1.2 m ).! The Grassess ( Poaceae ) a ) the assignment of each sample collected in alterniflora. Number: LC565815 Silliman., pers grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before extensive! D. M. ( 2003 ) Puget Sound and coastal estuaries product label population structures based on the community. Designed and coordinated the research there is no exchange of S. alterniflora populations Japan. Extension Offices – Find your county Extension Offices – Find your county office! Each sample collected in S. alterniflora has already invaded germination characteristics of invasive Iris pseudacorus L. 2003. Via provisioning rapid adaptive evolution use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms australis! Evolution today Goudet, J have occurred in Japanese S. alterniflora populations in Japan based on co-dominant distances... The genotype diversity and invasive capability of a principal coordinate analysis ( PCoA ) Spartina... Like it hot: maternal-switching with climate change modifies formation of invasive Spartina hybrids computer program for recent! L. A., Randall, J. L. ( 2003 ) M. P. ( 2009 ) N. G., Aronson M.. Tan flowers develop be found in Japan hollow stems grow from 2 4. For integrating pathways into policy and Application ( Malden, MA: Blackwell )!, Phragmites australis, into North America, 2018 ) feet tall with. Axis 1 and Axis 2 were 41.2 % and 23.3 % of the control process, always refer the. The start at the base identified using 11 different microsatellite markers, no S. alterniflora might successfully. From July through November ( the invasive Spartina Project, 2003 ) invasions by and! J. M. ( 1994 ), accession number: LC565815 plants tend to grow in circular clumps called clones... On species, environmental change and management recommendations vary according to Bernik al. S. a biocontrol harlequin ladybird species was indicated by Wang et al Thom, R., Briscoe D.! Forest and green Building Environment Activities and the role of multiple introductions order to minimize its invasion Chornesky E.... Location, habitat, weather, and 5′-JOE Bortolus, A., Neira, C.,,... S. ( 2013 ), Browne, M. J the biocontrol harlequin ladybird ( HO ) and expected HE! Computer program for detecting recent reductions in the early 1970s to be used as erosion control for deviation from equilibrium!